Specialist Operations Response Capability and Capacity Development - Oman
Public Authority for Civil Defence and Ambulance
The Public Authority for Civil Defence and Ambulance in Oman are responsible for national, local and regional level emergency preparedness, resilience and response. They are made up of three divisions; the Royal Omani Police, Civil Defence (fire and rescue), and ambulance services.
As part of the ongoing improvement of the Public Authority for Civil Defence and Ambulance capacity and capability, a need for a specialist response capability was identified. The 625 delivered consultancy, advisory and education services for events in the following categories:
CBRNe and Hazardous Materials
1. A Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear and explosive (CBRNe) event is a deliberate, malicious act, the intention of which is to kill, sicken or prevent society from continuing with their normal daily business.
2. A Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) event is an accidental release of a substance, agent or material which results in illness or injury to the public or the denial of an area or the interruption of the food chain.
3. Substances as toxic chemicals, fuels, nuclear waste products, biological, chemical, and radiological agents in the form of liquids, solids, gases, or a combination or form of all three, including dust, fumes, gas, vapor, mist, and smoke are capable of damaging health, property and/or the environments well as mass casualties and mass disruption of society.
Urban Search and Rescue
1. Urban Search and Rescue involves the location, access, stabilisation and rescue of trapped patients from (for example) buildings, mines, or trenches that have suffered structural collapse. Common causes of collapsed structure include earthquakes, flooding and other natural disasters, explosions, transport crashes, industrial and domestic accidents.
2. Often collapsed structures leave void spaces inside the debris that can result in people and animals trapped under large amounts of very heavy and often unstable debris. Performing rescue operations in such conditions is often complex and hazardous.
Wide area flood management
1. Flooding is a frequent hazard to life and property. As well as flooding from rivers, the sea and surface water, there are significant risks for some communities from groundwater flooding and water from failed or overflowing reservoirs. Its severity has ranged from minor inconvenience to destruction of properties, businesses, livelihoods and daily life.
2. As well as the immediate challenges of life saving and rescue, wide area flood response also includes work to protect and reduce the impact on essential services such as hospitals, prisons and utilities.
Civil response for firearms attacks
1. As the number of extreme threat events targeting civilian populations continues to rise, unarmed fire-fighters, paramedics and police officers are responding to large scale firearms, explosive and other terrorist related events to carry out lifesaving medical care and rescue.
2. Extreme threat events are characterised by large numbers of people being killed and injured either by terrorist or criminal activities. The attackers do not discriminate between people, the young, the old, the frail and the defenceless are targeted with equal ferocity.